4 edition of Community-based interventions for smokers found in the catalog.
Community-based interventions for smokers
1995 by U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute in [Bethesda, Md.?] .
Written in English
|Other titles||Community based interventions for smokers, COMMIT field experience|
|Series||NIH publication ;, no. 95-4028, Smoking and tobacco control monograph ;, 6, Smoking and tobacco control monographs ;, 6.|
|Contributions||National Cancer Institute (U.S.)|
|LC Classifications||HV5755 .C66 1995|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xxiii, 252 p. :|
|Number of Pages||252|
|LC Control Number||95229193|
Abstract. An article published in the New England Journal of Medicine in early augured the current health care crisis when it concluded that a black man in Harlem was less likely to reach 65 years of age than a man in Bangladesh (McCord & Freeman, ).Americans spend more than 11% of the gross national product on health services—more than any other by: The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) are extensively used methods to measure the severity of nicotine dependence among smokers. The primary objective of the study was to assess the nicotine dependence amongst currently smoking Nepalese population. A community based cross-sectional study was Cited by: 2. Dr. Ossip directs the Smoking Research Program, which focuses on community-based interventions and underserved populations. Her tobacco control research has spanned basic, clinical, and policy domains, with concurrent foci on translating science to practice and policy, health disparities, and global health.
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This monograph, Community-Based Interventions for Smokers: The COMMIT Field Experience, is one of an excellent series on various aspects of tobacco and health published since by the National Cancer Institute and the first to deal with community-based approaches. It reports exciting victories: (1) a modest decrease in smoking rates in light.
Community-based interventions for smokers. 1 online resource (xxiii, p.) (OCoLC) Microfiche: Community-based interventions for smokers. 3 microfiches (OCoLC) Online version: Community-based interventions for smokers. [Bethesda, Md.?]. Kaufman et al. () launched a community intervention to decrease the number of new smokers, particularly focusing on African American adolescents.
The preventive intervention combined a school-based curriculum with a media campaign. A total of elementary schools provided students with a smoking prevention booklet, while the media.
Community-based interventions for smokers: the COMMIT field experience. [National Cancer Institute (U.S.);] Online book: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Community-based interventions for smokers.
xxiii, p. (DLC) (OCoLC) Microfiche. Full text of "Community-based interventions for smokers: the COMMIT field experience" See other formats. Community‐based interventions (CBIs) have become an effective approach to promote mental well‐being. To increase organizational capacity and effectively deliver CBIs, leadership is crucial.
Although community-based initiatives may have lower cessation rates (3) than clinic-based programs, they are effective as they engage Community-based interventions for smokers book participants than do clinic-based programs, including underserved and hard-to-reach smokers (4–6). Because community-based interventions are often less expensive to deliver, they may be as cost-effective Author: Sarah A.
Reisinger, Sahar Kamel, Eric Seiber, Elizabeth G. Klein, Electra D. Paskett, Mary Ellen Wew. Although "community-based" has several definitions, we defined it as programs that 1) referred to a community as a setting or a geographic location where interventions were implemented, 2.
Community-Based Interventions Article Literature Review in Mental Health Services Research 4(4) January with 18 Reads How we measure Community-based interventions for smokers book. Examples of Successful Community-Based Public Health Interventions (State-by-State) The Steps to a HealthierUS (now Healthy Communities program) is a Centers for Disease Below are examples of successful community-based interventions that these and other This figure represents more t fewer smokers and is expected toFile Size: KB.
Eid, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Community Intervention Programs. Mass media are often a component of community intervention programs, but community intervention programs can implement several other methods as well (see Gender and Cancer).Community-based programs can make use of local peculiarities (e.g., the daily.
Kaufman, Jason, Sawlski, and Halpert () launched a community intervention to decrease the number of new smokers, particularly focusing on African American adolescents. The preventive intervention combined a school-based curriculum with a media campaign. Community-based prevention is not focused on changing individual characteristics.
Rather, the focus is on population health, that is, on “the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group” (Kindig and Stoddart, ).
For example, implementing nutritional standards for a population. Abstract This paper examines the results of population-level interventions conducted in three settings: entire communities, worksites, and major conclusions are discussed: (a) Directions for the next generation of community-based interventions include targeting multiple levels of influence; addressing social inequalities in disease risk; involving communities in.
Mass-reach health communication interventions target large audiences through television and radio broadcasts, print media (e.g., newspaper), out-of-home placements (e.g., billboards, movie theaters, point-of-sale), and digital media to change knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors affecting tobacco use.
smokers (4–6). Because community-based interventions are often less expensive to deliver, they may be as cost-effective as clinic-based interventions. Furthermore, community-based programs of-fer an opportunity for tailored behavioral interventions to facilit-ate optimal outcomes and reduce tobacco use disparities (7).
Cendrine's research focuses on tobacco health disparities with an emphasis on smoking cessation interventions for African Americans. Cendrine has co-authored a book chapter and several manuscripts on smoking cessation.
Cendrine has received dissertation research funding from the National Cancer Institute and the American Lung by: 4. Paula M. Lantz.
A large body of research shows that very few people in the United States initiate cigarette smoking or become habitual smokers after their teen years.
Nearly 9 out of 10 current adult smokers started their tobacco use at or before age 18 (Giovino, ).Given the epidemiology of smoking initiation, a great deal of policy and programmatic attention has been Cited by: 4. Physician-Based Interventions. With upwards of 80% of all smokers visiting a physician at least once each year, physician-delivered smoking cessation interventions represent a cost-effective way to disseminate smoking cessation messages and services to a large number of smokers.
98 This approach to treating nicotine addiction may also be especially effective since smokers Author: Paul F. Engstrom, Margie L.
Clapper, Robert A. Schnoll. Smoking cessation (SC) services providing evidence-based interventions improve quitting substantially, but only 16% of smokers ever use SC services worldwide.
1 US quitlines cover approximately 1% to 2% of smokers, and only % of daily smokers in Hong Kong ever use SC services; nearly all (95%) of the remaining individuals have no interest in Cited by: The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends interventions that engage community health workers to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) among clients at increased risk.
The CPSTF finds strong evidence of effectiveness for interventions that engage community health workers in a team-based care model to improve blood pressure and cholesterol.
Objectives Smokers are more likely to quit if they use the National Health Service (NHS) Stop Smoking Service (SSS).
However, community pharmacies experience low service uptake. The Smoking Treatment Optimisation in Pharmacies (STOP) programme aims to address this problem by enhancing staff training using a theory-based intervention. In this study, we Cited by: 2. documented the importance of behavior to the burden of illness and disabilities in the United States.
The association of tobacco use with heart disease, a variety of cancers, and poor pregnancy outcomes is perhaps the best known and most dramatic example of the interactions addressed in this report.
This issue of Nursing Clinics includes the following topics: Nursing interventions for smoking cessation; tobacco cessation clinics; Cessation strategies for pregnant and postpartum mothers; Evidence-based cessation strategies and policies for college-age smokers; Evidence-based cessation strategies for rural communities; Gender differences and tobacco cessation.
The interventions were implemented in each community through a local community board that provided oversight and management of COMMIT activities.
In COMMIT, there was no difference in the mean quit rate of heavy-smokers in the intervention communities (%) compared with the control communities (%). Community-Based Interventions for Smokers: The COMMIT Field Experience, by National Cancer Institute (U.S.) (PDF files at ) Filed under: Environmental health Bridging Silos: Collaborating for Environmental Health and Justice in Urban Communities (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, ), by Katrina Smith Korfmacher (PDF files with commentary.
Objective To determine the cost-effectiveness of a school-based tobacco-use prevention program. Design Using data from the previously reported 2-year efficacy study of the Project Toward No Tobacco Use (TNT), we conducted a decision analysis to determine the cost-effectiveness of TNT.
The benefits measured were life years (LYs) saved, quality-adjusted life Cited by: Citation: Lynes D et al () Strategies to help adolescents stop g Times; 26, Authors: Dave Lynes is associate head, faculty of health and social care, Edge Hill University, and head of academic provision, Respiratory Education UK; Andrew Lynes is a student nurse and former teenage smoker, University of York.
This article has been double-blind peer. Community-Based Interventions for Smokers: The COMMIT Field Experience, by National Cancer Institute (U.S.) (PDF files at ) Filed under: Smoking cessation -- United States Reducing Tobacco Use: A Report of the Surgeon General (), by United States Department of Health and Human Services (PDF files at ).
Dear Colleagues, For this Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, we invite submissions about development and evaluation of new tobacco control interventions.
There are many existing tobacco control interventions that are effective in stimulating smoking cessation or reducing initiation. Ever-smokers, age 55–74, registered at participating General Practices were invited to a community-based Lung Health Check (LHC). This included an assessment of respiratory symptoms, lung cancer risk (PLCO m), spirometry and signposting to stop smoking : Haval Balata, Liam Traverse-Healy, Sean Blandin-Knight, Christopher Armitage, Philip Barber, Denis C.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a community-based food education program on nutrition-related knowledge in middle-aged and older patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Participants (n = 36; ± years old) were recruited in primary health care to a 9-month community-based lifestyle intervention program for patients with T2D and randomly Author: Carlos Vasconcelos, António Almeida, Maria Cabral, Elisabete Ramos, Romeu Mendes.
Another review examined the long-term effectiveness of behavioural interventions in the prevention of cigarette use among young people, and compared school-based, community-based and multisectoral intervention strategies.
15 Based on meta-analyses where possible, the review included 35 randomised controlled trials published in English or German. Garney is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Health and Kinesiology at Texas A&M University. She is Principal Investigator of the Laboratory for Community Health Evaluation and Systems Science (CHESS), which specializes in community outreach, evaluation, and systems-based research.
Considerations of how gender-related factors influence smoking first appeared over 20 years ago in the work of critical and feminist scholars.
This scholarship highlighted the need to consider the social and cultural context of women’s tobacco use and the relationships between smoking and gender inequity. Parallel research on men’s smoking and masculinities Cited by: Nurses interact one-on- one with a number of patients each shift which makes them good candidates to perform tobacco cessation screening and brief interventions.
In addition, when patients are admitted into a hospital they are forced into a period abstinence which can be taken as an advantage to encourage them to remain abstinent. Smoking Among Males in a Low Socioeconomic Area of Karachi Pages with reference to book, Abstract Approximately half of the families in Pakistan reported having atl east one smoker in Smokers care programs consider smoking prevention and cessation as community based interventions (JPMA).
A community-based intervention aiming to highlight the dangers of smoking, reduce the amount smoked and the number of smokers in the local Turkish and Kurdish community At follow-up 51% of respondents recognized at least Cited by: Actively referring smokers to smoking cessation (SC) services could increase quitting and is scalable for the population.
The objective of this study is to compare 2 different intensities of SC active referral for smokers in the community of Hong Kong. This is a single-blind, parallel 3-armed cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT) consisting of high-intensity SC Cited by: 4.
Non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, diabetes, and mental disorders, and injuries have become the major causes of morbidity and mortality in Pakistan.
Tobacco use and hypertension are the leading attributable risk factors for deaths due to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and respiratory diseases. Pakistan has the Cited by:.
Background: The effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in advanced COPD is well established, but few data are available in less advanced disease. Methods: In a 2 year randomised controlled trial, patients with an average moderate airflow obstruction but impaired exercise capacity (mean (SD) forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) 60 (16)%, peak Cited by: A.
Community-based interventions aimed at promoting, preserving, and maintaining the health of populations residing in institutional facilities such as nursing homes.
B. Education of nurses and other staff working in community-based and community-oriented settings to improve the overall effectiveness of their programs to meet client needs.Community-based research in public health focuses on social, structural, and physical environmental inequities through active involvement of community members, organizational representatives, and researchers in all aspects of the research process.
Partners contribute their expertise to enhance understanding of a given phenomenon and to integrate the knowledge .